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BAPCO Resid HydroCracker

BAPCO Refinery begins Resid Hydrocracking construction image gallery 6355919421582148905
BAPCO Resid HydroCracking project

Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco) refinery laid the foundation stone for their $4.2bn modernization project on March 5, 2019.

The ebullating bed Resid Hydrocracking process, using LC-Fining™ technology licensed from Chevron Lummus Global, provides high conversion of residues selectively to liquid products and high removal of metals, sulphur and CCR from difficult feedstocks.  The expectation is to convert 78 per cent of lower grade feedstock into distillates which will then be refined into high margin diesel and kerosene.

The project engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning (EPCC) was awarded to TechnipFMC, jointly with Samsung Engineering and Tecnicas Reunidas.  Completion is slated for 2022. 

It includes the following main units: Residue Hydrocracking Unit, Hydrocracker Unit, Hydro Desulfurisation Unit, Hydrogen Production Unit, Hydrogen Recovery Unit, Crude Distillation Unit, Vacuum Distillation Unit, Sulfur Recovery Unit, Sulfur Solidification Unit, Sulfur Handling Facilities, Tail Gas Treatment Unit, Sour Water Stripper Unit, Amine Recovery Unit, Bulk Acid Gas Removal Unit, Saturated Gas Plant, and Utilities.

The project will also include a delayed coker unit, which is intended to produce coke from heavy refining residues which is a raw material in electrodes production for the aluminium industry. The coke can be used by the nearby Aluminium Bahrain’s (Alba) calcine unit.

They also have the option for Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) and Resid FCC (RFCC) processes, said the Kingdom’s Oil Minister Shaikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa. 

BAPCO refinery has a current production capacity of 267 thousand barrels per day (MBPD).  This modernization project could increase throughput up to a maximum of 380 MBPD. 

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Posted by: Paul R Orlowski

Paul Orlowski is General Manager for the Refining Community which includes,,, Resid Hydrocracking and SDA. They consult at refineries around the world. They've hosted 36 technical conferences around the globe, trained 1,000's and completed very beneficial consulting and troubleshooting projects. Paul co-founded Inc in 1998 with Gary Pitman. Evan Hyde later joined the team. Besides being an educator and software applications engineer, he worked 18 years at ARCO and BP refineries near Seattle, WA USA. Previously he worked for Science Applications International Corporation and Dealer Information Systems. In 2019 look for #RefComm Galveston Coking | CatCracking | Resid Hydrocracking and RefComm® Rotterdam Coking | CatCracking. In 2020 Galveston; Gdansk, Poland and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Singapore.

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