Theodorus Bertels - Baker Hughes, a GE Company
Catalytic Cracking has a long and illustrious history, and some may consider that the
“old lady” as she is sometimes called is nearly ready for retirement. This is definitely
not the case and new challenges are appearing in refining which the Cat Cracker can
address with existing technologies and emerging new innovations.
Key areas in which these new challenges are appearing are:
- Petro FCC: FCC for petrochemical building blocks
- Marine quality Cycle Oil to replace High Sulphur bunkers
- Biomass (wastes) to BTX as feedstock for Bio-based-polymers
- Recycling of all kinds of other organic wastes
And combinations of all of the above.
Fluid Catalytic Cracking has a strong reputation as the most robust waste disposal
unit of the fossil fuel refinery, processing residues, off-specs and slops while
maintaining good conversions, yields and long on-stream times. We foresee this will
also, be possible in the future with new unconventional feedstocks and product
requirements. Besides the existing FCC toolbox of Zeolites (Y and Specialties) and
optimized selective matrix systems, new advanced catalytic components are
emerging which can add on to the performance and flexibility of FCC Catalysts and
In this paper, we will elucidate the various new FCC applications and potential
catalytic solutions which can be envisioned, and which will contribute to a revival
of Catalytic Cracking in the future refinery.