Dow Fluidized Catalytic Dehydrogenation (FCDh): The Future of On-Purpose Propylene Production

Presented By

Matt Pretz - Dow Chemical Company

Conference: Galveston 2019

Shale gas produced an imbalance in propylene supply and demand. This has driven the implementation of several projects using available propane dehydrogenation commercial technology. These technologies were adapted from existing processes. These adapted technologies are not tailored to efficiently manage the inherent challenges of catalyst activity, heat input, reaction equilibrium, and unselective thermal reactions. Therefore, the Dow Chemical Company has developed a Catalytic Dehydrogenation Process that is designed from the standpoint of an operating company to efficiently solve the problems inherent in catalytic dehydrogenation processes.

The new technology is a circulating fluid bed technology based on existing Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology. The Dow process utilizes a proprietary catalyst with a proprietary reactor and regenerator design to achieve 45% propane conversion at approximately 93 mol% selectivity to propylene. The simplicity of the system enables capital savings greater than 20% versus other commercial offerings. In addition, the higher conversion at moderate pressure reduces the energy requirement per pound of propylene.

This new technology can be fully integrated with existing ethylene crackers in parallel with new or existing furnaces. In this way, a producer can increase production in an existing light hydrocarbon facility or build a new facility with exactly the amount of ethylene and propylene product that is desired based on ethane and propane feeds. Dow is currently planning a project to implement this technology in an existing cracker at commercial scale and would license the technology upon request.

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