Phillip Niccum, PE - KP Engineering
Describes early petroleum refining processes such as thermal cracking and delayed coking for creating gasoline as background to the development of fluid catalytic cracking. The FCC history is centered in World War II where alignment of a dire demand for high octane gasoline and acceptance of risk catapulted early concepts of a powdered catalyst cracking process into a dominant catalytic cracking process in just a few short years. Finally, the evolutionary path to the modern FCCU is presented. History reveals that the developments leading up to the commercialization of FCC and its later evolution can be attributed to many companies and individuals working to improve existing processes while accepting the risks and challenge associated with trying something new.