Refining Community Logo

Recycle ratio of Delayed Coker unit

Home Forums Coking Technical Fractionation & Process Recycle ratio of Delayed Coker unit

This topic contains 3 replies, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Mike Kimbrell 5 years, 2 months ago.

  • Author
  • #27474


    Hi everyone
    Anyone has any idea about how to estimate recycle ratio based on HCGO product endpoint?

  • #27577

    Mike Kimbrell

    Recycle ratio directly controls the HCGO 95% point with higher recycle resulting in lower distillation temperatures. A low recycle Coker will have limited mass transfer equipment in the wash zone so the fractionation efficiency will be low between the coke drum overhead vapors and the HCGO. As the recycle ratio increases the contact efficiency increases and entrainment issues are less important.

    A low recycle Coker with a recycle ratio of 1.05 will have a HCGO 95% point of approximately 1050 F (565 C). At a recycle ratio of 1.20, the HCGO 95% point will be approximately 900 F (480 C). There is variability around these values of roughly 100 F (50 C) depending on the unit. I would estimate a Coker operating at a 1.10 recycle ratio to have a HCGO 95% point of 975 F (525 C). The 95% point of the HCGO can be as low as 775 F (415 C) when the Coker was operated at a recycle ratio of 1.45.

    It is common to monitor HCGO quality by monitoring density, color or MCR (micro carbon residue). These are relatively quick tests that can provide trends in the HCGO quality. Distillation and asphaltenes content are other tests that are done less frequently. Entrainment of asphaltenes into the HCGO can cause rapid catalyst deactivation in any downstream hydroprocessing unit. Additionally, these asphaltenes can cause the HCGO filter to blind and appear to be plugged and they do not backwash off very effectively. If the HCGO is routed directly to a FCC unit, entrainment of asphaltenes can result in a lower conversion in that unit.

  • #27596


    Thanks Mike,

    Is there any correlation available to estimate recycle ration by using HCGO End point?

  • #27603

    Mike Kimbrell

    I am not aware of any correlation between recycle ratio and HCGO end point other than what I indicated earlier. They are inversely related with higher recycle resulting in lower 95% point of the HCGO.

You must be logged in to reply to this topic.

Refining Community