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Coke fines issue

Home Forums Coking Technical Sludge & Fines Coke fines issue

This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Anonymous 9 years, 7 months ago.

  • Author
  • #1629

    Freddy Martinez

    We are facing high generation of fines in our new coker unit. High geneartion of fines of the order of av 30-35% ( less than 1.18 mm partical size) is observed not all the time but in some specefic crude blends processing. We could not corelate this phenomenon of high generation of fines typically with CCR to ashphaltne ratio , COT , drum pressure etc. Typically CCR /Ashphaltene ratio , COT , drum pressure, cycle time Coke cutting pump discharge pressure are 1.7-1.9, 498 Deg C, 1.8-2.0 Kg/cm2(g), 12 Hrs , 300-320 Kg/cm2(g). Recently, we observe one phenomenon i.e. whenever sulphur content of coke is increasing , generation of fines afer cutting are observed to be more. Followings are our querries 1)Based on  experiences, pl indicate the reasons ( opt condition,coke handling systemetc) for high generation of fines including name of specific crudes which are responsible for this. 2) In the case of specific crudes , responsible for fines, pl indicate how to control the crude blend ratio.

  • #4451


    Good question….without digging deep into the details, I would provide the following ideas. 
    1. Small coke sizes are a result of incomplete cracking, especially at the top of the coke bed.  Certain types of feeds require more energy to drive the reactions.  If the cracking activity decreases, the resulting coke will be less cross linked.  We sometimes call this “sandy” coke.  Adjusting COT could help.  
    2. Alternatively, molecules which crack very easily will increase vapor velocity and reduce bonding leading to sandy coke.  Has there been a decline in the COT to drum inlet to drum vapor temp ratios with the problem coke? 
    3. Drastic changes in resid sulfur could indicate a significant change in crude blend.  What familys or types of crude do you typically run? Naphthenic, parrafinic, oil sands, synbit, orinoco, arab heavy, etc.
    4. Unless you operation the unit in different modes, eg anode vs shot, with different feeds, the decoking and coke handling system should not dramatically effect fines generation when compared to crude slate.  That being said, you can have additional fines generation with worn cutting tools, lower cutting water pressure, and more reworking of the coke pile with the handling equipment.  

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